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单词 ability
释义 Word family  noun ability ≠ inability disability adjective able ≠ unable disabled verb enable ≠ disable adverb ably  a·bil·i·ty /əˈbɪləti/ ●●● S2 W1 noun (plural abilities)  1  [countable]CAN the state of being able to do something 能力,能够ability to do something the ability to walk 行走的能力 The health center serves all patients, regardless of their ability to pay. 医疗中心为所有病人服务,不管他们的支付能力如何。2  LEVEL[countable, uncountable] someone’s level of skill at doing something 才能;本领;技能 The test measures your mathematical ability. 这种测试考查的是数学能力。 mixed ability classes 学生能力参差不齐的班级of high/low etc ability students of average ability 中等能力的学生 There are musicians of all abilities. 各种演奏水平的乐师都有。somebody's abilities as something He showed his abilities as a leader. 他显示出了领导才能。3  to the best of your ability TRY TO DO OR GET somethingas well as you can 竭尽全力 He completed the job to the best of his ability. 他尽全力完成了工作。n GrammarAbility is followed by an infinitive with ‘to’, not by an -ing form. You say: I admire his ability to listen. ✗Don’t say: I admire his ability of listening. COLLOCATIONS – Meanings 1 & 2adjectiveshigh/low/average ability 高/低/中等能力a group of low ability pupils 一组能力较差的小学生nMany of these students are of above average ability.nChildren of high ability demand more absorbing tasks.great/considerable ability 很强的/相当大的能力He was a young man of great ability. 他是个很有才华的年轻人。nThese drawings required considerable ability on the part of the artist.remarkable/outstanding/exceptional ability 非凡的/突出的/特殊的才能a writer of remarkable ability 一位才华横溢的作家nThe company aims to select people of outstanding ability.nhis exceptional ability as a swimmermixed ability (=at different levels) 参差不齐的能力a mixed ability class 学生能力参差不齐的班级uncanny ability (=an unusual ability that is difficult to explain) 不可思议的能力nHe has an uncanny ability for spotting investment opportunities.natural ability (also innate ability formal) (=an ability that you are born with) 天生的能力,天赋nHe didn't have the natural ability of his brother.nBabies have an innate ability to do simple maths. physical/athletic ability 身体/运动能力nHe has considerable athletic ability.artistic/creative ability 艺术才能/创新能力nYou do not need to have any artistic ability.musical ability 音乐才能nTim showed musical ability at an early age.acting ability 表演才能nHer acting abilities were obvious straightaway.mental ability 心智能力nThe exercises are supposed to help you improve your mental ability.intellectual/academic ability 智力/学术能力nNo one doubts his intellectual abilities.nA degree is evidence of your academic ability in a particular subject area.verbal/linguistic ability (=language skills) 语言能力nThe test is intended to measure the children's linguistic ability.mathematical ability 数学能力nThese students have a higher level of mathematical ability.proven ability (=that you have proved through your achievements) 已证实的能力nCompanies often value the proven ability and reliability of older employees.verbshave the ability to do something (also possess the ability to do something formal) 有能力做某事She has the ability to make people feel relaxed. 她能让人感到轻松。show/demonstrate the ability to do something 表现/展示做某事的能力a chance for candidates to demonstrate their abilities 候选人表现能力的一个机会lack the ability to do something 缺乏做某事的能力nAs a young man, he lacked the ability to say no.phrasesa level of ability/ability level 能力水平The children were of the same age and ability level. 这些孩子的年龄和能力水平相同。a range of ability/ability range 能力差异There is a wide range of ability within the class. 班里的学生能力差距悬殊。nDisruptive behaviour is more prominent in the lower ability range.a test of ability/an ability test 能力测试nExaminations are not always a good test of ability.nThe class was given a verbal ability test.an ability group (=a group that students are taught in, based on their level of ability) 能力小组〔按学生能力施教的一个小组〕nChildren are divided into different ability groups.Examples from the Corpusability• Stepping is a structured exercise class with an ability level for everyone.• Even children of above-average ability are not always ready to begin school.• No one doubts his ability to get work done quickly.• Luckily, she had innate ability to judge people quickly and accurately.• For the regime, the fact that it presided over a cowed, debilitated populace enhanced its ability to remain in power.• leadership ability• But her colleagues and superiors could not fault her dedication to the job, speaking highly of her nursing ability.• The course material depends on the level of ability of the student.• Maria will be a fine musician; she shows a lot of ability.• Our ability to think and speak makes us different from other animals.• The children are divided into groups according to their reading ability.• Indeed, the use of electronic documentation systems should enhance a organisation's ability to maintain full and accurate records.• You have been given the ability to recognise your own apprehensions, to accept them and then to let them go.• Communism failed and capitalism will falter if we do not give people the ability to make their dreams come true.• I think that a compelling vision combined with a unique ability to manage risk is the magic behind successful entrepreneurs.ability to do something• Her special attribute was her ability to draw friends and allies for a lifetime, based on fleeting contact.• One manifestation of this is the packages ability to search for headings with certain tags and attributes.• The goal is to improve the company's ability to compete.• Horses have a similar ability to misunderstand.• I have, as have other people in similar situations, developed the ability to almost see in the dark.• Activated carbon has the ability to remove a wide variety of organic compounds from water and wastewater, even in trace quantities.• Another is the ability to assign named paragraph styles to text.• If champions are gauged by their ability to win tough fights, Marco Antonio Barrera has quite a future.• Boilly had the uncanny ability to record the individual and the crowd simultaneously.of high/low etc ability• Most students, by definition, will be of average ability, with a smaller number below average.• The Commissioner is a recognizable national figure, in modern times invariably a career police officer of high ability.• Even when possessed of high ability he is often forced to settle for the position i on the catastrophe surface.-ability /əbɪləti/ (also -ibility) suffix  XXmakes nouns from adjectives ending in -able and -ible 〔将以-able和-ible结尾的形容词转化为名词的词尾〕 manageability 可处理(性)Examples from the Corpus-ability• availability• probabilityOrigin ability (1400-1500) Old French habilité, from Latin habilitas, from habilis; → ABLE -ability Old French -abilité, from Latin -abilitas, from -abilis; → -ABLEa·bil·i·ty noun →n GRAMMAR1 →COLLOCATIONS1-ability suffixLDOCE OnlineChineseSyllable  the being to state Corpus of able

 

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